学习吧高考课堂高中英语
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外研版高中英语必修1重点短语总结

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  • 发表于2012-04-04 15:25
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  • Module 1
    1. be similar to  sth.                                  与某物相似
          be similar in …                             在……方面相似
    2. attitude to/towards  sb.             对某人的态度
    3. far from                                  远离;远远不;完全不
    4. introduce..sb.. to..sb.             把某人介绍给某人
    5. have fun  =   have a good time       开心,玩得高兴
           make fun of                                          嘲弄;取笑
    6.   be enthusiastic about sb./sth.     对某人/事热心
           With enthusiasm = enthusiastically       热情地
    7. give sb. instructions to do sth.    指导某人做某事
          follow the instructions                  按照说明
          under sb’s instructions              在某人的指导下
    in other words                                           换句话说
    in a/one word                                       简言之;总之
    look forward to  sth.                               期望某物
          look forward to doing sth.         盼望/期待做某事
    10. A  is  impressed with B            A对B印象深刻
            Impress sth. on sb. = impress sb. with sth.
                                                  使某人铭记某事
            sth. have/ leave/make a deep impression on sb.
                                                    某事给某人留下深刻印象
    11. make progress                                              取得进步
    12. be disappointed with sb.                         对某人失望
    13. mind doing                                               介意做某事
    14.   on the screen                                              在屏幕上
    15.  be divided into                                               被分成
            divide sth. into …            把某物分成(若干部分)
             separate A from B                             把A 与B 分开
    16.  be nothing like                  一点儿不像,丝毫不像
    17. in a fun way                                       用有趣的方式
    18. be bored                                               感到厌倦
    19. feel good about  doing sth.                感到做某事快乐
    20.  So it is with A / It is the same with A        A 也是如此
    Module 2
    1. avoid doing                                                    避免做某事
    2. be strict with sb.                                        对某人严格
    be strict in sth.                                            对某事严格
    strictly speaking                           严格说来,严格地讲
    3. admit doing                                                 承认做过某事
    4. as a result (of... )                            (由于... 的)结果
    result in                                                                        导致
    5.   prefer to do... rather than do…
    would rather do…than do        
    would do… rather than do…     宁愿做 而不愿做
    6. encourage sb. to do sth.                鼓励某人做某事
    7. a couple of                                                两三个
    8. It's up to you to do sth.             由 你决定做某事。
    9. have problems with  …                与…有问题
    10. make sure                                     确保;确信
    11. in fact                                      实际上,事实上
    12. tell jokes                                                 讲笑话
      play a joke on sb.                                取笑某人
    13.  be patient with sb.                             对某人有耐心
             with patience                                     耐心地
    14.  the first time                                      第一次
    15.  wave one’s  hands                           挥舞双手
    16. “with + 复合宾语结构”指的是:
               with + 名词 +  doing  sth.
                with + 名词 +done
                with  + 名词  to  do
                with +  名词 + adj./adv./介词短语
    sth.  is true of …                       某种情况适用于…
    18.   either… or …        或者… 或者… ; 要么…要么…
    Module 3
    get on  a  bus                           上(车、船)
    get off  a  bus                         下(车、船)
    get into   the  car                    上车
    get out of  the car                   下(车)
    take off         (飞机)起飞;脱下;取消;去掉
      take in                        接纳;吸收;包括;领会
    take over                     占据;接任(职位)
    4、within walking distance    走路去就可以了
            in the distance                            在远处
    5、abandon oneself to sth.       沉迷于某事物
    6. A is  short for  B                   A是B的简写
    7. not... any more  =  no more   not…any longer  
                  不再……(强调动作的不再延续)
    8. out of date                                   过时
          out of order                                 坏了,乱了
          out of danger                               脱险
           out of work                                  失业
    9. refer to  sth.参考;查阅;指的是
    10. supply sb. with sth. =  supply sth. to sb. 
    向某人提供某物
    offer sb. sth. /offer sth. to sb.
                                       向某人提供某物
    provide sb. with sth. /provide sth. to/for sb.
                                    向某人提供某物
    11. pass a law   通过一项法律
    break a law   违反法律
     12. allow/ permit sb. to do sth.  允许某人做某事
    allow doing sth.                      允许做某事
    on the coast                                在海滨,在沿海
    the first visit to sw.                 到某地的第一次参观
    try to do                                      设法、努力做某事
    try doing sth.                                         尝试干某事
    manage to do sth.                         设法做成了某事
    at a speed of                                   以…的速度
    at full speed                                        全速
      with great speed                              以很快的速度
    speed up                                                       加速
    be patient with sb.                              对某人有耐心
    be patient of sth.                                     能忍受某事
    18.  give an interview to sb.     接见某人,接受某人采访
            have an interview with sb.                          采访某人
    19.  be exhausted from/with  sth.    由于某事而筋疲力尽
    Module 4
    1. put up                                       修建;张贴;举起;住宿
    put out                                熄灭;关(灯);出版;生产
    put up with                                     忍受;忍耐;受苦
    so far                                                          到目前为止
    Up to now                                                到目前为止
    till now                                                     到目前为止
    get away from                                                     摆脱
    a great many                                         许多;大量
    a number of                                           许多;大量
    6. go up                                                                  上升
    go down                                                下沉;坠落
    7.. in the city of                                               在…市
    be made up of                                       由…组成
    be made out of                           用…改制而成
    9..feel fortunate (in) doing sth.      做某事感到幸运
    10.. make money                                          赚钱
    11. attract sb’s attention         引起某人的注意
    12.  have bother in doing sth.     做某事有麻烦/费事
    13.  starve for sth.                              渴望得到某物
            starve to do sth.                              渴望做某事
    14 It is + 一段时间 + since  从句(谓语用瞬间动词)
               自从…到现在已经过了…
       eg.   It is 5 days since I bought the pen.
                我买这支笔都5天了。
          It is + 一段时间 + since 从句(谓语用延续性动词)
                自从某个动作结束已经过了…
         eg.  It is 3 years since she lived here.
               她都3年没住在这儿了。
    15. This is the first time  sb. have done sth.
       这是某人第一次做某事
    16. exchange sth. with sb.                 和某人交换某物
           exchange  A  for  B                               用A 交换B
            in exchange for …                                    与…交换
    17. get in contact with = make contact with
                                                                与…取得联系
           keep in contact / touch with  sb.   与某人保持联系
           be in / out of contact with sb.     与某人有/失去联系
    18.  There are times when …                      有些时候…
    Module 5
    1. add... to...                                                往…加入…
    add to …                                             增加;增添
      add up sth.= add sth. together      把某物加起来
    add up to…                                     总计;总共有
    2.. expand  (sth. ) into …         (把某物)扩大成为…
    in the area of                                      在…领域
    be proud of                               为… 感到骄傲
          = take pride in
    5. be supposed to do                        应该做某事
    6. think of                        想起,记起;打算;认为
    think about                                        想;考虑
           think over                                          仔细考虑
    react with                                           与…反应
    at the bottom of                          在…的底部
        at the top (of)                            在(…的)上面
    9. put sth. in order                  把某物按顺序排列
    10. arrive at / come to/ draw/reach  
    a conclusion                                   得出结论
            make a conclusion                               下结论
             in conclusion                                           最后
    keep  sth. out of...        躲开;使某物不进入…
             keep out sth.                            使某物不得入内
    12. go ahead                                               开始
    13. mix …with…                         把…与…混合
    14. take aim at sth.                      把目标瞄准某物
            without aim                                      无目的地
            aim sth. at sb.                        用某物瞄准某人
    15.  in the form of                                 以…的形式
             fill in /out a form                                 填表格
    16. find out                                         查明,弄清楚
    17. the same as                                        和…一样
    18. keep one’s balance                        保持平衡
           lose one’s  balance                         失去平衡
    19. to one’s astonishment           使某人吃惊的是

    Module 6
    1. consist of                                                         由…组成
    2. as well                                                 也 (常放在句尾)
    as well as                                      同…一样;和;同
    may/might as well           最好,何不,还是…的好
    3. become/be known as                          作为…而出名
          = be famous as
          be known for = be famous for             因…而著称
          be known to all                                          众所周知
    4. go down                               下降;下沉;倒下;降低
    5. come up with                            提出,想出;赶上
           sth. come up                                       某事被提出
    from that moment on                                从那时起
           from then on                                               从那时起
            from tommow on                                      从明天起
    concentrate on/upon            聚精会神;集中思想
    8.   agree with sb.                                  同意某人的看法
      agree to a plan                                       同意计划
    agree on/upon sth.                就…取得一致意见
    9.  compare... with...                              把…与…相比
    compare... to...                比拟;比作;与…相比
    10. communicate with                           与……联系
    11. wrap up                     把……包起来;穿得暖和;完成
    12. hesitate to do sth.                       犹豫、顾虑做某事
    13. a series of                                                     一系列
    14. have /get access to sth.                 可以使用;可进入
           access to sth.         接近某物的机会;进入…的权利
    15. ask for permission                                请求允许
    16. consist of                                        由… 组成/构成
           =  be made up of
    17. log off                                                   注销,退出
    18. log on                                                    联机,进入
    19. via the Internet                                    通过网络
    20. at the moment                                      目前