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高中英语34种状语从句句型讲解

  • 作者: admin
  • 来源: 未知
  • 发表于2012-12-30 08:56
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  •   1. 由as引导的非限定性的定语从句。如:
      As we have known, he is a most good student.众所周知,他是个很好的学生。请比较:It is well-known that he is a most good student.(前一个是定语从句,而后者是个主语从句。)
      2. 由which引导的非限定性的定语从句。如:
      He is a professor, which I have been looking forward to becoming. 他是个教授,那是我一直盼望的职业。(因为先行词professor是表示职业的名词,因此引导词用which,而不用who。
      3. 由where, when引导的定语从句(其中包括限定性的或非限定性的。)如:
      This is the house where I used to come.请比较:This is the house which / that I used to come to.
      This is the day when I joined the Party.请比较:This is the day which / that I joined the Party on.
      (说明:关于that与which之间的区别,请看关系代词that和which的区别。)
      三、让步状语从句
      4. No matter what / which / who / where / when / whose+从句,+主句.(注意从句中的时态一般情况下用一般现在时态。)如:
      No matter what you do, you must do it well.请比较:Whatever you do, you must do it well. 无论你做什么,一定要做好。
      No matter where you go, please let me know.请比较:Wherever you go, please let me know.你无论去哪儿,请通知我。 (说明:这两种句型形式不同,而意义完全相同。)
      (注意:I will tell whoever would like to read it. 句中的whoever不能用whomever来代替。因为它即作动词tell的宾语,又作后面从句的主语。)
      四、条件状语从句
      5. When / So long as / As long as / Once +从句,+主句。(从句也可以放在主句之后。)如:
      As long as you give me any money, I will let you go.只要你给我一些钱,我就让你走。
      Once you have begun to learn English, you should learn it well. 一旦你开始学习英语,你应该把它学好。
      6. 主句+on condition that+从句.如:
      I will go with you on condition that you give me a sum of money.我和你一起去的条件是你给我一些钱。
      7. 主句+unless+从句.(注意:由于unless本身是否定词,所引导的从句的谓语动词用肯定而不用否定。)如: I will go there tomorrow unless it rains.我明天去那儿除非下雨。
      8. 祈使句,+and/ and then+主句。(注意:祈使句也可用一个名词短语。)如:
      Use your head, and you will find a good idea.动脑筋想一想,你就会想出一个好主意。
      Another word, and I will beat you.你再说一句,我就揍你。
      9. If +necessary / impossible/ important等,+主句.(注意:if与形容词之间的it is被省略。)
      If necessary, I will do it. 如果有必要的话,我来做此事。
      五、原因状语从句
      10. 主句+in case+从句.(in case表示以免)如:
      I will take my raincoat in case it rains.我要把雨衣带上以免下雨。
      11. 主句+due to / because of / owning to / + the fact that +从句。如:
      He did not come to school because of the fact that he was ill.由于他有病了,所以没有来上学。
      六、时间状语从句
      12. When / While / As +从句,+主句.如:
      When I was in the country, I used to carry some water for you.当我在农村时,我常常给你打水。
      13. 主句+after / before +从句. 如:
      They hadn't been married four months before they were devoiced.他们结婚不到四个月就离婚了
      We went home after we had finished the work.我们做完此工作就回家了。
      14. 主语+肯定谓语+until+从句.请比较:主语+否定谓语+until+从句.如:
      I worked until he came back.我一直工作到他回来。
      I didn't worked until he came back.他回来我才开始工作。
      15. As soon as / Immediately / Directly / Instantly / The moment / The instant / The minute +从句,+主句. 如: My father went out immediately I got home.我一到家,我父亲就出去了。
      16. No sooner +had + 主语+done…than +主语+did. 请比较: 主语+had + no sooner +done…than +主语+did. 如:
      No sooner had I got to Beijing than I called you.我一到北京就给你打电话了。请比较:I had no sooner got to Beijing than I called you.
      17. Hardly/Scarcely/ Rarely +had +主语+done…when / before + 主语+did.请比较:主语+had +hardly/Scarcely/ Rarely + done…when / before +主语+did.
      Hardly had she had supper when she went out. 她一吃完晚饭就出去了。请比较: She had hardly had supper when she went out.
      18. By the time+从句,+主句.(注意时态的变化。)如:
      By the time you came back, I had finished this book.到你回来时,我已经写完了这本书。
      By the time you come back, I will have finished this book.到你回来时,我将写完这本书了。
      19. each / every time +从句,+主句. (这时相当于whenever 或no matter when引导的从句。从句也可放在主句之后。)如:
      Each time he comes to Harbin, he always drops in on me.每当他来哈尔滨,总是顺便来看看我。
      七、地点状语从句
      20. Where +从句,+主句. 如:
      Where there is no rain, farming is difficult or impossible.哪里没有雨水,种庄稼是很难的或者是不可能的。
      21、Anywhere / Wherever+从句,+主句. 如:
      Anywhere I go, my wife goes too.无论我去哪儿,我的妻子也去哪儿。请比较: