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高中英语it用法知识点总结

  • 作者: admin
  • 来源: 未知
  • 发表于2013-01-30 17:46
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  •   It的用法是高中英语知识点之语法考查的热点和重点。它的用法多,考察形式多样,要求广大考生全面掌握其基本用法。酷课网根据历年高考对it用法考察归纳总结了高考常考点及注意事项。
      1.It is+被强调部分+that
      该句型是强调句型,将被强调的放在前面,其他部分置于之后,(强调的主语如果是人,可以用who来替换that) 如果把这种句型结构划掉后,应该是一个完整无缺的句子,这也是判断强调句型与其他从句的方法。(如果强调的是动词就要用到do的各种形式)
      It was they that (who) cleaned the classroom yesterday.
      ---Where did you buy the apples?
      ----It was on the farm where we worked. (True)
      ----It was on the farm that we worked.(False) 注解:如用that,答非所问。
      考点:强调句和定语从句的综合考查。
      2. It is not until +被强调的部分+ that
      考点:强调句 和倒装句
      强调句:It was not until she took off her dark glasses that I realized she was a film star.
      倒装句: Not until she took off her dark glasses did I realise she was afilm star.
      注意事项:是主句倒装,分句不倒装。
      3. It is clear (obvious, true, possible, certain) that….
      该句型中it是形式主语,真正的主语是that引导的主语从句,常译为“清楚(显然、真的、肯定)”是主语从句最常见的结构。
      It is very clear that he’s round and tall like a tree.
      4. It is important (necessary, right, strange, natural…) that…
      该句型和上一句同属一个句型。由于主句中的形容词不同,that后的从句中要用虚拟语气(should+动词原形)should 可以省去。建议记住该句型中的形容词。
      It is important that we (should) learn English well.
      It is necessary that he (should) remember these words.
      考点:主语从句和虚拟语气的综合。
      5. It is said (reported, learned, believed …) that…
      该句型中的it 仍是形式主语,真正的主语是that 引导的主语从句。该结构常译为“据说(据报道,据悉……)
      It is said that he has come to Beijing.
      It is reported that another earth satellite has been put into orbit.
      考点:考察主语从句中时态的选择。 后用现在完成时表示从句动词发生在主句谓语动词之前。
      6. It is suggested (ordered…) that…
      该句型和上一句属一个句型。主句中的过去分词是表示请求、建议、命令等词时,that后的从句要用虚拟语气 (should+动词原形)。可以省略,常译为“据建议;有命令……”
      It is suggested that the meeting (should) be put off.
      It was ordered that we (should) arrive there in two hours.
      7. It is a pity (a shame…) that …
      在该句型中,that后的从句一般用虚拟语气(should+动词原形),should可以省去,表示出乎意料,常译为“竟然”。没有这种意义时,则不用虚拟语气。 It is a pity that such a thing (should) happen in your class.
      这种事竟然发生在你们班上,真是遗憾。
      It is a pity that he is ill.
      他生病了,真遗憾!
      8. It is time (about time, high time) that…
      考点:考察从句后的时态选择。(用过去时或者should do)
      该句型中that后的从句应该用虚拟语气,值得注意的是:常用过去时态表示虚拟,有时也用should+动词原形,should 不能省。常译为“是(正是)……的时候……”
      It is time that children should go to bed.
      =It is time that children went to bed.
      9. It is the first ( second, …)time that…
      该句型应和上一个句型区别开来。该句型中不用虚拟语气,而用完成时态。至于用哪种完成时态,由主句的谓语动词的时态来决定。如果是一般现在时,从句用现在完成时态;如果是一般过去时,从句则用过去完成时态。该结构中that可以省去;it有时用this替换,常译为“是第一(二,…)次…”。
      It is the first time that I have come to Beijing.
      10. It is …since…
      该句型主要用作处理瞬间动词的完成时,要和表示一段时间的时间状语连用。主句中是时间作表语,其时态是现在时和完成时,引导的从句通常是一般过去时态,而且是瞬间动词。如果主句是一般过去时,从句则用过去完成时。