学习吧高考课堂高中英语
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高中英语特殊句型there be结构

  • 作者: 小编
  • 来源: 学习信息网整理
  • 发表于2014-07-30 23:17
  • 被阅读
  •   there be结构主要用以表达“某处/某时有某人/某物”there是引导词,be是谓语动词,be后面的名词是主语,句子的结尾常是地点/时间状语。
      There are some students in the classroom.教室里有-些学生。
      There is a small village at the foot of the mountain.山脚下有-个小村庄。
      There been a lot of snow this winter.今年冬天下了很多雪。
      1.there be 结构中的be是谓语动词。
      她在人称数上应和其后的主语(名词)保持一致,若be后有两个或两个以上的名词作主语时,be动词应采取“就近原则”,即be应与邻近的主语在数上保持一致。
      There is a bird in the tree.树上有只鸟。
      There is some  meat on the plate.盘里有些肉。
      There are some people in the room.屋里有些人。
      There are three apples and a pear in the basket.篮子里有三个苹果和一个梨。
      2.There be 构有不同时态的形式,而且可以和各种助词、情态动词连用。
      There was a meeting in our school yesterday.昨天在我们学校召开了一次会议。
      There will a new film on show this Sunday.这个星期上映一部新电影。
      4.there be 结构的陈述句变成反义疑问句时,其附加问句的主语应用there,而不可用其他词替代。
      There’s a beautiful flower on the floor ,isn’t there? 地板上有朵漂亮的花,不是吗?
      There aren’t any books in the box,are there? 盒子里没有书,是吗?
      There seems to be something wrong with the machine, doesn’t there?看来机器好像坏了,是吗?
      5.therebe结构的非谓语形式 there be结构的非谓语形式有两种基本结构,即 there to be 和 there being。there to be 结构可用作动词 (如 expect,prefer, want,like, hate,mean, intend,consider 等)的宾语,也可用作介词for的宾语。there being结构 可用作除for以外的介词宾语或状语。
      I expect there to be no argument about this.
      我期望关于这件事不要争了。
      It is natural for there to be a generation gap between the parents and their children?父母与孩子之间有代沟是正常的。
      I have never dreamed of there being a picture on the wall.我从未想到墙上有幅画。
      There being not enough time left, we have to hurry. (Because there is not enough time left……)
      剩余时间不多了,我们得抓紧。
      There having been no water for 2 days, the travelers were all very thirsty. ( Because there had been no water for 2 days...)
      已经两天没有水了,这些游客们口渴得很厉害。
      【温馨提示】 there be 和 have
      ①there be与have都可表示“有”的含义,但在意 义上have表示所有关系,there be则表示“存在”,侧重 点不同;并且have前必须有主语。
      There are some children in the garden.
      花园里有几个孩子。
      She has three daughters and two sons.
      她有三个女儿和两个儿子。
      ②当have表示事物的特征时,可用“主语+ have” 结构替换“there be”结构。
      There are thirty-six classes in our school.
      = Our school has thirty-six classes.
      我们学校有36个班级。