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时态语态在英语写作中的常见错误

  • 作者: 笨笨平
  • 来源: 未知
  • 发表于2016-10-04 10:49
  • 被阅读
  • 一.时态
    英语的常用时态有十六种,一般根据上下文和时间状语来确定时态。

    1. I will tell her about that when she will come tomorrow.

    主句为将来时,其时间、条件和让步状语从句中用一般现在时。因此将will come改为comes。

    2. The meeting is about to begin in ten minutes.

    be about to 一般不与具体的时间状语连用。因此把 in ten minutes 去掉。

    3. The boy opened his eyes for a moment, looking at the captain and then died.

    此处look并非伴随状语,而是三个并列的谓语动词,因此把looking 改为looked。

    4. I have bought this bike for ten years and I am still using it now.

    当句中有for加一段时间作状语时,谓语动词必须为延续性动词,此处把bought改为kept。

    5. I haven’t learnt any English before I came here.

    我来这儿已经是过去的动作,在此之前发生的事应该用过去完成时。因此应把haven’t改为hadn’t。

    二. 语态
    及物动词用在主动语态时要有宾语,因此可以变为被动语态;不及物动词用于主动语态时不能接宾语,因此无被动语态。

    1. The two thieves have been disappeared.

    disappear 为不及物动词,因此不能用于被动语态。所以把 been去掉。

    2. The building built now will be our teaching building.

    表“现在正在建的”应用被动语态的正在进行时,因此在built 前加being。

    3. He is being operated by the famous doctor.

    主动语态变为被动语态时,应注意短语动词的完整性,别忘了介词或副词。“给...…做手术”应为operate on sb,所以在operated 后加上on。

    4. I wonder if the doctor has been sent.

    原因同上,应在sent 后加上for。

    5. The book written by him is sold well.

    说一本书畅销是指书本身的属性,因此不用被动语态。本句应改为:The book written by him sells well.

    6. This history book is worthy reading.

    “值得被做”可以有如下几种说法:be worth doing; be worthy of being done; be worthy to be done. 因此本句可改为:This history book is worthy to be read.